Agriculture
Crop Production :: Pulses ::Sword Bean
SWORD BEAN ( Canavalia gladiata L.)
Blackgram   

CROP IMPROVEMENT

Sword bean SBS 1 is an introduction and is one of the vegetables with photo-insensitivity. It matures in 110 - 120 days. It can be grown throughout the year and gives good response to irrigation. Tender pods are ready for harvest from 75 days after sowing. As a pure crop it gives an average grain yield of 1356 kg/ha and green pod yield of 7500 kg/ha. This can also be grown as border crop, intercrop and a shade crop.

SEASON :

June - July (Rainfed), September - October (Rabi), February - March (Summer).

DESCRIPTION OF VARIETY - SBS 1

 

Year of release

:

1990

 

Plant habit

:

Dwarf, erect, bushy

 

Pigmentation

:

Green

 

Branches (No)

:

4 - 6

 

Inflorescence

:

Axillary raceme

 

Flower

:

Bold, light purple

 

Pods

:

Long, pendulous, green, flat and fleshy (for vegetable use).

 

100 seed weight (g)

:

Becomes very hard on maturity.
131.6

 

Seed colour

:

Milky white

 

Days to 50% bloom

:

45 - 50

 

Salient features

:

Early duration (110 - 120 days) Vegetable cum grain crop Free from beany odour Highly nutritious and delicious (25.9% protein) No major pests and diseases

MANAGEMENT OF FIELD OPERATIONS

Seed rate (kg/ha) : 110-120 (Pure crop)

Fertilizers (kg/ha) : 25 N 50 P2O5

Spacing : 45 x 30 cm (irrigated), 30x20 cm rainfed

Updated on : March 2014