Agriculture
Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Cumbu Napier
Forage Cutter Video
Cumbu Napier

Season and Varieties

Zone District/Season Month Varieties
Irrigated
All Districts Throughout the year CO 3, CO (CN) 4 and CO (BN) 5

Yield Potential and Quality Characters

PARTICULARS CO 3 CO (CN) 4 CO (BN) 5
Parentage Interspecific hybrid between Cumbu PT 1697 x Penneisetumpurpureum Interspecific hybrid between Cumbu CO 8 x FD 461 Interspecific hybrid between Fodder cumbu IP 20594 x Napier grass FD 437
Duration (Days) Perennial Perennial Perennial
Green fodder yield (t/ha/yr) 350 (7harvests) 375-400 (7harvests) 360 (7harvests)
Morphological characters
Plant height (cm) 300 – 360 400-500 400-500
No. of leaves per clump 400-450 400-450 400-430
No. of tillers per clump 30 – 40 30 – 40 30 – 40
Leaf stem ratio 0.70 0.71 1.02-1.19
Leaf length (cm) 80 – 95 110-115

100-110

Leaf width (cm) 3.0 – 4.2 4.0-5.0 4.0-5.0
Quality characters
Dry matter yield (t/ha/yr) 65.12 79.87 80
Crude protein yield (t/ha) 5.40 8.71 9.6
Dry matter (%) 17.0 21.3 22
Crude protein (%) 10.5 10.71 12
Oxalate (%) 2.51 2.48 2.4

Package of Practices

1.

Season

:

Throughout the year under irrigated conditions in all districts

2.

Soil

:

All types of soils

3.

Preparatory cultivation

:

Plough 2 to 3 times to obtain a good tilth and form ridges and furrows.

4.

Manures and fertilizers

:

FYM : 25 t/ha
NPK : 150 : 50 : 40 kg/ha
Basal
   FYM –25t/ha
   NPK –75:50:40 Kg/ha
Top dressing
   75 kg N/ha after 30 days after planting
   75 kg N/ha after each cut

5.

Seed rate

:

33,333  two budded stem cuttings or rooted slips per ha.

6.

Spacing

:

60 x 50 cm

7.

Weed Management

:

Hand weeding whenever necessary

8.

Plant Protection

:

Generally not required

9.

Water Management

:

Immediately after planting; life irrigation on 3rd day and thereafter once in 10 days.

10.

Harvest

:

First harvest at 75-80 days after planting  and subsequent harvests once in 45 days

11.

Green fodder yield

:

375 - 400 t/ha/yr (7 harvests)