Seasons & Varieties | Tillage | Nutrient Management | Irrigation Management | Weed Management | Crop Protection | Cost of Cultivation |
Agriculture
Home | Seasons & Varieties | Tillage | Nutrient Mgmnt | Irrigation Mgmnt | Weed Mgmnt | Crop Protection | Cost of Cultivation | Photobank
Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Fodder Cowpea

 

Fodder Cowpea

Season and Varieties

Zone District/ Season Month Varieties
Irrigated
Erode, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Cuddalore, Villupuram and Tiruvannamalai June-July CO 5 and CO (FC) 8

 

Particulars of Fodder Cowpea Varieties

 

PARTICULARS CO 5 CO (FC) 8
Parentage Gamma ray mutant of CO 1 Cross derivative from CO 5 x N
Duration (Days) 60-65 60-65
Green fodder yield (t/ha) 18-20 18-22
Seed yield (kg/ha) 600 625
Morphological characters
Plant height (cm) 93.00 100-120
No. of branches 2 - 3 3-4
No. of leaves 12 13-15
Leaf length (cm) 12.1 13.5
Leaf width (cm) 8.2 9.1
Leaf stem ratio 0.83 0.95
Quality characters
Dry matter content (%) 14.64 15.5
Crude protein content (%) 20.00 20.7

 

1.

Season

:

June – July - Irrigated
September – October - Rainfed
January- February - Summer

2.

Duration

 

 

(i).

For fodder purpose

:

55 - 60 days

(ii).

For seed purpose

:

100-105 days

3.

Preparatory cultivation

:

Plough 2 to 3 times to obtain a good tilth and form ridges and furrows of 6 m length and 60 cm apart.

4.

Seed inoculation

:

Rhizobium treatment is beneficial.

5.

Manuring

:

Manured for irrigated crop only
Basal: FYM : 12.5 t/ha
NPK: 25 : 40 : 20 kg/ha

6.

Seed rate

:

25 kg/ha

7.

Spacing

 

 

(i).

For fodder purpose

:

30 x 15 cm in lines

(ii).

For seed purpose

:

60 x 15 cm in lines

8.

Inter cultivation

:

As and when necessary

9.

Plant protection

:

Generally not required for fodder purpose. In case of seed production, spraying of 0.05% Methyl Dematon (Metacystox) or Dimethoate (Rogor) required to control sucking pests if any.

10.

Harvest

 

 

 

For fodder purpose

:

At 50% flowering stage (55 - 60 days).

 

For seed purpose

:

100-105 days

11.

Yield

 

 

(i).

Green fodder

:

Irrigated: 30 t/ha
Rainfed:  15 t/ha

(ii).

Seed yield

:

Irrigated: 600  kg/ha
Rainfed: 300 kg/ha

 

 

© All Rights Reserved.TNAU-2016.