Agriculture
Crop Production :: Minor Millets:: Samai

Little millet (Samai) – Panicum sumatrense

Samai
Grain Panicle

Season and Varieties


Crop Districts grown

Samai

Dharmapuri, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Erode, Salem, Namakkal, Coimbatore, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi.


District/Season Variety

a)   June - July (Hill slopes  of Coimbatore and Erode districts)

b)   July-August (Dharmapuri)

c)   September-October    

CO 3, CO (Samai) 4

Paiyur 1, Paiyur 2, CO 3, CO (Samai) 4

CO 3, CO (Samai) 4


PARTICULARS CO 3 CO (Samai) 4
Parentage Selection from germplasm bank CO 2 x MS 1684
Duration (days) 80 - 85 75-80
Pigmentation Green Green
Tillering ability High High
Panicles long, loose panicle Open and Loose
Grain Character Brown Grayish yellow
Grain Yield (kg/ha)
Rainfed 1066 1567
Special features Bold grain, Non-lodging suits for early & late sowing Short duration, suitable for the existing double cropped rainfed situation of North, North Western and Western zones of Tamil Nadu

PARTICULARS Paiyur 1 Paiyur 2
Parentage Pureline selection from Santhur local Pure line selection from PM 295
Duration (days) 105 -110 85
Pigmentation Dark green Green
Tillering ability Moderate Moderate
Panicles Semi compact long long, loose panicle
Grain Character Brown Brown
Grain Yield (kg/ha)    
Rainfed 870 850
Special features Long duration Short duration, suitable for little millet – Horse gram cropping sequence
 

Seeds and sowing

:

For line planting   10 kg/ha
For sowing 12.5 kg/ha for use of Gorru or seed drill is recommended.

samai0001
Plough the field thoroughly 2 or 3 times using a small iron plough or country plough to fine tilth.

Seed treatment

:

Treat 1 kg of seeds with 2 g Thiram or Carbendazim.

Field preparation

:

Plough the field thoroughly 2 or 3 times using a small iron plough or country plough to fine tilth.

Fertilizer application

:

Apply basally
FYM/COMPOST: 12.5 t/ha
Nitrogen   : 44 kg/ha
Phosphorus  : 22 kg/ha

Spacing

:

For line planting 25 x 10 cm for sowing 10 cm in between plants

Weeding

:

First weeding is done on the 15th DAS and the second weeding on 40th DAS

Thinning

:

Thinning is done soon after weeding or before 20 DAS

Plant Protection

:

Usually no major problem of pests and diseases

Post Harvest Technology  

Updated on : March 2014