Plum (Prunus salicina L.)
Rubio is an early season variety. Certian varieties like Hale, Gaviota and Abundance are ideal for planting during mid-season. Varieties like Shiro, Kelsey and Satsuma are suited for late season planting. Hale has to be planted along with other varieties to enhance pollination and fruit set.
Soil and climate
Red lateritic soil with good drainage is suitable getting higher yield in plum. The soil pH should be around 5.8 to 6.2 and rich in organic matter. This can be grown above 1200 m elevation.
One year old budded plants may be planted during June - July or October - December with a spacing of 4 x 4 m in pits of 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm size.
Ideal planting season is June to November.
Application of fertilizer
Apply FYM 30 kg and 500 g of N and 1 kg in each of P and K for bearing tree during October – November.
Training and pruning
The growing points tipped at a height of 50 – 60 cm to allow the side shoots to develop. Open centre system of training is adopted in this crop. Pruning can be done during December – January. Dried, dead, diseased water shoots and criss - cross branches are removed.
Spray Malathion 50 EC at the rate of 2 ml/lit of Fenthion 100 EC at the rate of 1 ml/lit. Set up Methyl Eugenol 1 % trap with Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit between 6 a.m. and 8 a.m. Use polythene bags fish meal trap with 5 gm of wet fish meal + 1 ml of Dichlorvos in cotton. 50 traps are required/ha, fish meal + Dichlorvos soaked cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.
An average of 25 – 30 kg/tree/year can be harvested depending on the variety and cultivation method.