Horticulture
Horticulture :: Medicinal Crops :: Gloriosa
Glory lily - Gloriosa superba Lin.
Colchicaceae
Video

Economic part - Seed

Major constituents - Colchicine (0.5-0.7%) and Colchicoside
Uses - cures gout, anti inflammatory, anticancer

Varieties
No released varieties are found. Singaleri selection possesses 0.25 % Colchicine.

Soil and climate
Well drained red loamy soils are suited for cultivation. The ideal pH should be 6.0 – 7.0. This can be cultivated up to 600 m from mean sea level with an annual rainfall of 70 cm. Glory lily is cultivated in Tamil Nadu mainly in the western parts viz., Mulanur, Dharapuram of Tirupur district, Oddanchatram and Ambilikai of Dindigul district, Markampatty and Aravakurichi of Karur District, Attur, Jeyankondam of Salem district in an area of 2000 ha.

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Sprouted tuber for planting
Seed and seed rate
Gloriosa is propagated through tubers. 2000 kg tubers are required for planting one hectare. Tubers are treated with 0.1 % Carbendazim for half an hour for controlling tuber rot.

Season
Planting is distributed from June – July

Planting
Field is ploughed 2 -3 times and incorporate 10 tonnes of FYM during last ploughing. Trenches of 30 cm depth are formed and tubers are  planted at 30 – 45 cm spacing. The vines are trained over support plants (Commiphora beryii, Dedonea viscose). Permanent structures with G.I. wires can also be formed for growing the vines.

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Land preparation Field view

Irrigation
Irrigation is given immediately after planting. Subsequently irrigation is given at 5 days intervals of time.

Manuring
NPK at 120:50:75 kg/ha is applied in two split doses. Half of N and the entire P and K are applied as basal dressing. Remaining quantity of N is applied at one and two month after planting.

After cultivation
Commiphora must be trimmed annually. Care must be taken to avoid the damages to growing portions. Artificial pollination can be done between 8 – 11 am for getting higher yield.

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Plant protection
Leaf eating caterpillar
Spray 0.2 % Dichlorovas to control the caterpillar infestation.

 

Tuber rot
Proper drainage can be given during rainy season and drench 2g of COC/1 lit of water.

Harvest
Pods are harvested at 160 – 180 days after sprouting of tubers.


Spraying insecticides
Maturity stage Harvested pods
DSC02904Drying of pods DSC02933

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Dried seeds

  Seed thresher  
Yield
Seeds: 200 – 250 kg/ha
Tubers: 300 kg/ha  
   
  Last Update : October 2014

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