Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables:: Bhendi

Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench.)
Malvaceae

Varieties 
MDU 1, Arka Anamika, Arka Abhay and Parbhani Kranti

Hybrid
Co 3, Co BhH 1

Picture7

Co 1

Co 3

COBhH 1 (HYBRID)

Soil
It is adaptable to a wide range of soils from sandy loam to clayey loam. 

Season
Planting can be done during June - August and February

Seed rate
Varieties : 8.0 kg / ha
Hybrids : 2.5 kg / ha

Seed treatment
Seed treatment with Tricoderma viride @ 4 g/kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/ kg of seeds and again with 400 g of Azospirillum using starch as adhesive and dried in shade for 20 minutes. Sow three seeds per hill at 30 cm apart and then thin to 2 plants per hill after 10 days.

Preparation of field
Plough the land 4 - 5 times and apply FYM 10 kg, neem cake 1 kg, super phosphate 100 g and Furadon 10 g/sq.m during last ploughing. Form ridges and furrows at 45 cm apart.

Sowing
Sow three seeds per hill at 30 cm apart and then thin to 2 plants per hill after 10 days.

Spacing
Seeds are sown at a spacing of 45 x 30 cm.

Layout and sowing for drip irrigation and fertigation

  • Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal before last ploughing.
  • Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of FYM.
  • Apply 75 % total recommended dose of super phosphate ie 469 kg / ha as basal.
  • Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm.
  • Install the drip irrigation with main and sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at the centre of the each bed at an interval of 1.5 m.
  • Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
  • Before planting, wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
  • Sowing to be done at a spacing of 90 x 45 x 45 cm in the paired row system, using ropes marked at 45 cm spacing.
  • Spray Oxyflourfen at 0.15 kg ai / ha or Fluchloralin @ 1.0 kg ai / ha or Metolachlor @ 0.75 kg a.i / ha as pre emergence application on third day of sowing.
  • Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

Irrigation
Irrigation is done at weekly intervals.

Application of Fertilizers

Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria each at 2 kg/ha mixed with 100 kg of FYM before sowing.

Varieties
Basal dose FYM @ 25 t/ha, N @ 20 kg, P @ 50 kg and K @ 30 kg/ha as basal and 20 kg N/ha at 30 days after sowing.

Hybrids
Basal dose FYM @ 40 t / ha, N @ 100 kg, P @ 100 kg and K @ 100 kg/ha as basal and 100 kg N / ha 30 at days after sowing.

Foliar nutrition

1 % urea (10 g/l) + muriate of potash (10 g/l) on 30 and 45 days after planting.
 For hybrids, foliar application of water soluble fertilizer 19-19-19 three times @ 0.5% (5 g/l) at 10 days interval from 30 days after planting.

Fertigation schedule for hybrids
Recommended dose: 200:100: 100 kg / ha


Stage

Crop stage

Duration in days

Fertilizer grade

Total Fertilizer (kg/ha)

Nutrient applied

% of requirement

N

P

K

N

P

K

1

Sowing
to plant
establishment
stage

10

19:19:19
+MN
13:0:45
Urea

26.30
5.50
25.65

7.50
11.10
29.48

5.00
-
-

5.00
5.00
-

10.00

5.00

10.00

Subtotal

20.00

5.00

10.00

 

 

 

2

Flower
initiation to
flowering stage

30

12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea

16.39
88.88
144.52

1.97
11.55
66.48

10.00
-
-

-
40.00
-

30.00

10.00

30.00

Subtotal

80.00

10.00

40.00

 

 

 

3

Flowering to
fruit set

30

19:19:19
+MN
13.0:45
Urea

26.30
55.55
103.87

5.00
7.22
47.78

5.00
-
-

5.00
25.00
-

30.00

5.00

30.00

Subtotal

60.00

5.00

30.00

 

 

 

4

Alternate day
from picking

30

12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea

8.20
44.44
72.26

0.98
5.78
33.24

5.00
-
-

-
20.00
-

30.00

5.00

30.00

Subtotal

40.00

5.00

20.00

 

 

 

 

Total duration

100

 

 

200.00

25.00

100.00

100

25

100

75% RD of Phosphorus applied as super phosphate = 469 kg/ha.
 1. 19:19:19 = 54 kg / ha
 2. 13:0:45 = 200 kg / ha
 3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg / ha
 4. Urea = 350 kg / ha

Weed control
Spray Oxyflourfen at 0.15 kg a.i./ha or Fluchloralin at 1.0 kg a.i./ha or Metolachlor at 0.75 kg a.i./ha as pre emergence application on third day after sowing.  Herbicide application should be integrated with one hand weeding on 30 days after sowing.

Plant protection
Pests
Fruit borers

  1. Set up pheromone trap at 12 Nos./ha.
  2. Collection and destruction of affected fruits.
  3. Release of egg parasite Trichogramma at 1.0 lakh/ha.
  4. Release of 1st instar larvae of green lace wing bug Chrysoperla carnea @ 10,000/ha.
  5. Dust carbaryl 10 % DP @ 25 kg /ha or spray Bacillus thuringiensis @ 2 g/lit.or spray any one of the following insecticide

Insecticide

ml or g/lit,

Azadirachtin 0.03% WSP (300 ppm)

5.0  g/lit

Azadirachtin 5% Neem Extract Concentrate

5.0  ml/10 lit

Emamectin benzoate 5 % SG

3.0 g/10 lit

Phosalone 35 % EC

1.5 ml /lit

Pyridalyl 10 % EC

1.0  ml/lit

Quinalphos 20 % AF 1.5 ml / l.

Quinalphos 25 % EC

8.0  ml/10 lit

White fly and Aphids
White fly and Aphids can be controlled by spraying.Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit combined with Neem Seed Kernel Extract 5 %.

Leaf hopper
Treat the seeds with imidacloprid 48 % FS or 70 % WS @ 7 g/kg or Thiamethoxam 70 % WS @ 2.8 g/kg of seed.
Dust carbaryl 5 % DP @ 20 kg /ha or carbaryl 10 % DP @ 25 kg /ha or apply carbofuran 3 % G @ 33 kg /ha or spray any one of the following insecticide

Insecticide

ml or g/lit,

Imidacloprid 70 % WG

0.7 g /10 lit

Imidacloprid 17.8 % SL

2 ml/10 lit

Thiamethoxam 25 %WG

1.0 g/10 lit

Azadirachtin 0.03 % WSP

5.0 g/lit

Azadirachtin 5% Neem Extract Concentrate

5.0 ml/10 lit

Dimethoate 30 % EC

2.0 ml/lit

Malathion 50 % EC

1.25 ml/lit

Oxydemeton –Methyl 25 % EC

1.6 ml/lit

Quinalphos 25 % EC

1.0 ml/lit

res_1205
White fly

Ash weevil
Ash weevil can be controlled by the application of Carbofuran 3 G @ 12 kg/ha.

Nematode
Application of Carbofuran 3 G 1 kg a.i /ha or Phorate 10 G 1 kg a.i./ha and Neem cake 400 kg/ha at sowing in furrows along with fertilizers.

Diseases
Yellow vein mosaic virus

Spray systemic insecticides like Methyl demeton or Dimethoate @ 2 ml / l to kill the insect vector, whitefly.


bhendi okra01
Yellow vein mosaic virus

Powdery mildew
Dust Sulphur 25 kg/ha or spray Dinocap 2 ml/lit or Tridemorph 0.5 ml/lit or Carbendazim 1 g/lit or Wettable sulphur 2 g/lit immediately after noticing the disease and repeat after 15 days or four sprays of Triademephon (0.5%) at 10 days interval from 30 days after sowing.

Harvest
Harvesting can be done 45 days after planting. Fruits are harvested in tender stage at 1 – 2 days intervals.

Yield
12 - 15 t/ha

Market information


Crop Growing districts

Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore, Dindigul

Major markets in Tamil Nadu

Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai
Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram
Natchipalayam vegetable market, Coimbatore

Grade Specification

Light green or dark green, hairy or tender smooth surface, 5-ridged and remain tender for a longer period, medium length.

IPM practices Package for Bhendi

  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride (4g/kg) and Pseudomonas (10 g/ kg)
  • Soil application of Pseudomonas and Trichoderma (each2.5kg/ha)
  • Soil application with Neem cake @250 kg/ha
  • Maize as border crop against movement of whiteflies/ Liriomyza
  • Use of yellow sticky traps
  • Periodical removal of yellow vein mosaic virus infected plants
  • Helicoverpa and Earias adult monitoring with pheromone traps
  • Trichogramma release after each brood emergence of Helicoverpa and Earias
  • Application of Neem oil formulations 10000ppm @1% / Neem seed kernel extract (5%)
 
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