Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables:: Chow-chow

CHOW CHOW (Sechium edule)
      Cucurbitaceae

Varieties
Two types: Green fruited and White fruited.

Soil
Requires well drained acidic soil with a pH of 5.5 - 6.5 and thrives best in a temperature range of 18 - 22°C and at an altitude of 1200 - 1500 m. In plains it comes up well during winter season.

Season
Planting is done during April – May

Preparation of field
Dig pits of 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm at a spacing of 2.4 x 1.8 m and fill up the pits with 10 kg of FYM, 250 g of urea, 500 g of Super phosphate and 500 g of Muriate of Potash.

Sowing
Fully matured and sprouted fruits collected from high yielding vines are planted in pits @ 2 – 3/pit.

After cultivation
Weeding is done as and when necessary. At initiation of vine growth, stake the plants.  Provide pandal at a height of 2 m. Prune the plants to ground level during winter from second year after planting.
In hills, pruning is done during January. Apply 250 g of urea for each vine after pruning and at the time of flowering.

Plant protection
Pests
For controlling scales, mealy bugs and aphids spray Dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/lit.

Fruit fly
1. Collect the damaged fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day condition and it is peak in rainy season. Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Plough the field to expose the pupae.
4. Use polythene bags fish meal trap with 5 g of wet fish meal + 1 ml. Dichlorvos in cotton 50 traps are required/ha, fish meal + Dichlorvos soaked cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.

Diseases
Mosaic
Vectors can be controlled by spraying Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit or Methyl demeton 25 EC 2 ml/lit thrice at fortnightly intervals.

Yield
About 25 - 35 tonnes/ha can be obtained.

 
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