Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables:: Cucumber

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)
Cucurbitaceae

Varieties
Japanese Long Green, Straight Eight and Poinsettee are mainly cultivated.

Soil
Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH range from 6.5-7.5 are ideal for cucumber cultivation. This crop requires a moderate warm temperature.

Season
Sow the seeds during June or January to April

Seed rate
About 2.5 kg of seeds are required for a hectare.

Seed treatment
Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride 4 g/kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 g/kg or Carbendazim 2 g/kg of seeds before sowing.

Preparation of field
Plough the field four times and form long channels at 1.5 m apart.

Sowing
Sow the seeds on one side of channel giving a spacing of 0.6 m between hills. Thin the seedlings to two/hill at 15 days after planting.

Irrigation
Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once a week.

Application of fertilizers
Apply FYM 40 t/ha as basal and 35 kg of N/ha at 30 days after sowing.Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria 2 kg/ha and Pseudomonoas 2.5 kg/ha along with FYM 50 kg and neem cake @ 100 kg before last ploughing.

Drip irrigation
Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5m. Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.

Field preparation
Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and the laterals are placed at the centre of each bed.

Sowing
Sow the seeds at an interval of 60 cm distance at the centre of the bed along the laterals. Sow the seeds in polybags @ one per bag for gap filling. Spray pre emergence weedicide like fluchloralin 1 kg a.i. or metalachlor 0.75 kg a.i./ha on third day of sowing.

Fertigation
Apply a dose of 150:75:75 kg NPK/ha throughout the cropping period through split application for F1 hybrid. In respect of phosphorous, 75% has to be applied as a basal dose.

Fertigation Schedule - Cucumber (Hybrid)
Recommended Dose: 150:75:75 Kg/ha

Stage

Crop stage

Duration in days

Fertilizer grade

Total Fertilizer (kg/ha)

Nutrient applied

% of requirement

N

P

K

N

P

K

1

Crop
establishment
stage

10

19:19:19 + MN
13-0-45
Urea

19.72

8.24
22.11

3.75

1.07
10.19

3.75

-
-

3.75

3.75
-

10.00

5.00

10.00

 

Subtotal

15.01

3.75

7.50

 

 

 

2

Vegetative
stage

20

12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea

9.21
49.49
95.27

1.09
-
43.91

5.63
-
-

-
22.49
-

30.00

7.50

30.00

 

Subtotal

45.00

5.63

22.49

 

 

 

3

Flower
initiation to
first picking

20

19:19:19 + MN
13-0-45
Urea

29.61

20.61
80.00

5.62

2.62
36.71

5.63

-
-

5.63

9.37
-

30.00

7.50

20.00

 

Subtotal

45.00

5.63

15.00

 

 

 

4

Harvesting stage

40

19:19:19 + MN
13-0-45
Urea

6.13

66.00
77.47

0.73

8.57
35.69

3.75

-
-

-

30
-

30.00

5.00

40.00

 

Total duration

90 days

 

Subtotal

44.99

3.75

30.00

 

 

 

Total

150.00

18.75

75.00

100

25

100

*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 352 Kg/ha
1. 19:19:19 = 55 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 144 kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 9 kg/ha
4. Urea = 275 kg/ha

After cultivation
Hoe and weed twice or thrice.

Plant protection
Pest
Fruit fly
1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season.  Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
4. Use polythene bags, fish meal trap with 5 g of wet fish meal and 1 g of Dichlorvos in cotton, 50 traps are required per hectare. Fish meal and Dichlorvos impregnated cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.
5.Neem oil  @ 3.0 %  as foliar spray as need based

Do not use copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic.

Disease
Downy mildew
Downy mildew can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit twice at 10 days interval.
Do not use DDT, copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic.

Harvest
Harvest can be done 45 days after sowing. On an average 8 – 10 harvests can be done.

Yield
8 - 10 t/ha in 80 to 90 days for salad.

Market Information


Crop Growing districts

Kanyakumari, Dindigul, Tirunelveli,Theni

Major markets in Tamil Nadu

Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai
Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram
Natchipalayam vegetable market, Coimbatore

 

 
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