Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables::Muskmelon

Muskmelon
Cucumis melo L;
Cucurbitaceae

Varieties: Pusa Sharbati, Hara Madhu, Durgapura Madhu, Arka Rajhans and Arka Jeet.

Soil: Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH range of 6.5 - 7.5.

Season of sowing: November to February. Sow the seeds @ 3.0 kg/ha after treating with Trichoderma viride @ 4g or Pseudomonas fluroscens @ 10 g or carbendazim @ 2g/kg of seed on one side of the channel giving a spacing of 0.6 m between hills. Thin the seedlings after 15 days, to maintain two per hill.

Preparation of field: Plough the field to a fine tilth and form long channels at 2.5 m apart.

Irrigation: Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once in a week.

Application of fertilizers: Apply FYM 20 t/ha, NPK 40:60:30 kg/ha as basal and N @ 40 kg/ha 30 days after sowing. Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria @ 2 kg/ha and Pseudomonas @ 2.5 kg/ha along with FYM 50 kg and neem cake 100 kg before last ploughing.

Nursery preparation: Nursery for muskmelon can be prepared either with polythene bags of 200 gauge, 10 diameter and 15 cm height size or through protrays under protected nursery. Use protrays, each having 98 cells for raising seedlings. Transplant about 12 day’s old seedlings in the main field.

Drip irrigation: Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5m. Place the drippers in lateral tubes are at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.

Sowing: Around 250 protrays are required for the production of 23,334 (22,223 + 5%) seedlings, which are required for one hectare at spacing of 1.5 m x 30 cm in a raised bed single row system. Raise beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and place the laterals at the centre of each bed. Direct sowing or transplanting is done at a spacing of 1.5 m along the laterals and 30 cm interval in the raised bed single row system, using ropes marked at 30 cm spacing.

Fertigation: Apply a dose of 200:100:100 kg NPK/ha throughout the cropping period through split application.

Fertigation schedule  
Recommended dose: 200:100:100 Kg/ha

Stage

Crop stage

Duration in days

Fertilizer grade

Total fertilizer (kg/ha)

Nutrient supplied

% requirement

N

P

K

N

P

K

1

Crop establishment stage

10

19:19:19 + MN
13-0-45
Urea

26.81
11.00
29.03

5.00
1.43
13.35

5.00
-
-

5.00
4.95
-

10.00

5.00

10.00

Subtotal

19.78

5.00

9.95

 

 

 

2

Vegetative stage

30

12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea

12.28
66.00
109.00

1.47
8.58
50.14

7.49
-
-

-
29.70
-

30.00

7.50

30.00

Subtotal

60.19

7.49

29.70

 

 

 

3

Flower initiation to first picking

30

12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea

12.28
44.00
115.00

1.47
5.72
52.90

7.49
-
-

-
19.80
-

30.00

7.50

20.00

Subtotal

60.09

7.49

19.80

 

 

 

4

Harvesting stage

45

19:19:19 + MN
13-0-45
Urea

 

26.31
78.00
97.52

 

5.00
10.14
44.86

 

5.00
-
-

 

5.00
35.10
-

30.00

5.00

40.00

 

Total duration

115

 

Subtotal

60.00

5.00

40.10

 

 

 

Total

200.06

24.98
(or)
25.00

99.35
(or)
100.00

100

25

100

*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 75 x 6.25 = 469 kg/ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 53kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg /ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25kg/ha
4. Urea = 351kg/ha

After cultivation: Hoe and weed thrice.

Plant protection

Pests
1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season. Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
4. Use 20 x 15 cm polythene bags, fish meal trap with 5 gm of wet fish meal and 1 g of dichlorvos in cotton, 50 traps are required per hectare. Fish meal and dichlorvos impregnated cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.
5.Neem oil @ 3.0 % as foliar spray as need based
Do not use copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic.

White fly: Spray neem seed kernel extract 5 %.

Yield: 20 t/ha in 120 days.

 

 
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