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Major Areas :: Dryland Agriculture :: Soil & Water Conservation Techniques
Engineering Measures - Farm ponds
Farm ponds construction Farm ponds in plain areas Farm ponds in hilly areas

Farm ponds are small water bodies formed either by the construction of a small dam or embankment across a waterway or by excavating or dug out. The water is usually harvested from a small catchment area and then used for irrigation during prolonged periods


  • In the selected farm land the farm pond dimension of 8m x 8m x 1.5m can be constructed for the every 1 or 2 ha of land area.

Water spreading area (sq.m) Depth of water (m) Suitable uses
2000 to 10000 2.5 - 3.0 Irrigation, fisheries and drinking water
2000 to < 10000 1.5 – 2.5 Irrigation & drinking water
< 2000 1.5-2.5 Pot irrigation for trees and drinking water

Farm ponds filled with water Drinking water for animals

Unlined farm pond in Coimbatore district (Pallaadam)

Plastic Lined Farm pond - SULTANPET Block,
Coimbatore District

Cost of storage :


1 Bottom Area 20 m x 20 m
2 Top Area 35 m X 35 m
3 Depth 2.2 m
4 Cost of lining material (Rs) 85,000
5 Excavation (Rs) 20,000
6 Coir dust & spreading (Rs) 2,000
7 Spreading plastic lining and sheet welding (Rs) and with earth cover 27,000
8 Cost of inlet and outlet structures 66,000
9  Total cost (Rs)  2,00,000

Benefits of farm ponds :

  • It collects excess runoff during rainy period.
  • Stored water can be used for supplemental irrigation to crops.
  • It is useful as drinking water for cattles during drought situation.
  • It can be used for spraying pesticides.
  • It conserves soil and moisture.

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