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Forage Crops :: Fodder Preservation Techniques

Nutritional Quality Improvement

  • Nutritional quality of grass and cereal silage can be improved by mixing with legumes like cowpea (4:1) or by spraying urea solution at the time of ensiling (1% on fresh weight basis, sprayed with l:l matter).

  • Often the green fodder is mixed with molasses and salt to improve the quality of the silage.

  • Commonly 20 kg molasses plus 8 kg salt per ton of green fodder is recommended.

  • The other additives used include the addition of lime stone (0.5-1.0%), sodium metabisulphite, organic acids like propionic and formic acids at 1% level and bacterial cultures like lactobacillus etc.