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Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Guinea Grass

 

Guinea Grass

Season and Varieties

Zone District/ Season Month Varieties
Irrigated   CO 2 and CO (GG) 3
All Districts Throughout the year
Rain fed  
All Districts Jun – Sep / Oct - Nov

Particulars of Guinea Grass Varieties

PARTICULARS CO 2 CO (GG) 3
Parentage CO 1 x Centenario Clonal selection from Mumbasa
Duration (Days) Perennial Perennial
Green fodder yield (t/ha/year) 270 (7harvests) 340-360 (7harvests)
Morphological characters
Plant height (cm) 150-200 210-240
Number of tillers/clump 80-100 40-60
Leaf length (cm) 65-75 97- 110
Leaf width (cm) 2.5-2.9 3.2 - 4.5
Leaf-stem ratio - 0.73
Quality characters
Dry matter (%) 25.94 20.2
Crude protein (%) 6.10 7.50
Crude fibre (%) 34.6 30.3
Phosphorus (%) 0.29 0.19
Calcium (%) 0.59 -
Magnesium (ppm) 0.38 -
IVDMD (%) 49.5 -


Special features of Guinea grass CO (GG) 3

  • Profuse tillering (40-60 /clump) and non lodging
  • More number of leaves (280 - 350 /clump)
  • High leaf stem ratio (0.73)
  • Shade tolerant and adapts well under coconut plantations
  • Highly palatable, preferred by milch cattle, goat and sheep


 
Profuse tillering of Guinea grass CO (GG) 3

Package of Practices

 Season
:
 Throughout the year under irrigated conditions.
 Suitable for growing during monsoon season under rainfed condition
 Soil
:
 Comes up in all types of soils. Heavy clay and  water logged soils are not  suitable.
 Preparatory cultivation
:
 Plough 2 to 3 times to obtain a good tilth and form ridges and furrows
 50 cm apart.
 Manures and fertilizers
:
 Basal
 FYM          -           25 tonnes/ha
 NPK          -           50: 50: 40 kg/ha
 Top Dressing
 50 kg N 30 days after planting 
 50 kg N /ha after each cut
 Spacing
:
 50 x 50 cm 
 Seed rate
:
 Rooted Slips 40,000 /ha
 Weed Management
:
 Hand weeding whenever necessary.
 Water management
:
 Immediately after planting, life irrigation on 3rd Day and thereafter once in 10  days depending on soil type and weather parameters
 Plant protection
:
 Generally not required
 Harvest
:
 The first harvest 75 - 80 days after planting and subsequent harvests are  made at an interval of 40 - 45 days.
 Green fodder yield
:
 320 t/ha/year (in 7 harvests).


Guinea grass root slips Guinea grass rooted slips in protray
Planting of root slips in ridges & furrows Fertilizer application