Crop Production :: Minor Millets:: Samai

Little millet (Samai) – Panicum sumatrense

Grain Panicle

Season and Varieties

Crop Districts grown


Dharmapuri, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Erode, Salem, Namakkal, Coimbatore, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi.

District/Season Variety

a)   June - July (Hill slopes  of Coimbatore and Erode districts)

b)   July-August (Dharmapuri)

c)   September-October    

CO 3, CO (Samai) 4

Paiyur 1, Paiyur 2, CO 3, CO (Samai) 4

CO 3, CO (Samai) 4

Parentage Selection from germplasm bank CO 2 x MS 1684
Duration (days) 80 - 85 75-80
Pigmentation Green Green
Tillering ability High High
Panicles long, loose panicle Open and Loose
Grain Character Brown Grayish yellow
Grain Yield (kg/ha)
Rainfed 1066 1567
Special features Bold grain, Non-lodging suits for early & late sowing Short duration, suitable for the existing double cropped rainfed situation of North, North Western and Western zones of Tamil Nadu

PARTICULARS Paiyur 1 Paiyur 2
Parentage Pureline selection from Santhur local Pure line selection from PM 295
Duration (days) 105 -110 85
Pigmentation Dark green Green
Tillering ability Moderate Moderate
Panicles Semi compact long long, loose panicle
Grain Character Brown Brown
Grain Yield (kg/ha)    
Rainfed 870 850
Special features Long duration Short duration, suitable for little millet – Horse gram cropping sequence

Seeds and sowing


For line planting   10 kg/ha
For sowing 12.5 kg/ha for use of Gorru or seed drill is recommended.

Plough the field thoroughly 2 or 3 times using a small iron plough or country plough to fine tilth.

Seed treatment


Treat 1 kg of seeds with 2 g Thiram or Carbendazim.

Field preparation


Plough the field thoroughly 2 or 3 times using a small iron plough or country plough to fine tilth.

Fertilizer application


Apply basally
FYM/COMPOST: 12.5 t/ha
Nitrogen   : 44 kg/ha
Phosphorus  : 22 kg/ha



For line planting 25 x 10 cm for sowing 10 cm in between plants



First weeding is done on the 15th DAS and the second weeding on 40th DAS



Thinning is done soon after weeding or before 20 DAS

Plant Protection


Usually no major problem of pests and diseases

Post Harvest Technology