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Crop Production :: Minor Millets :: Varagu

Kodo millet (Varagu) – Paspalum scorbiculatum

Varagu - Machine Harvesting Video

Panicle Grain

Package of practices for Varagu

Season And Varieties

Varagu Vellore, Thiruvannamalai, Kanchipuram, Tiruvallur, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Salem, Namakkal, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni and Ramanathapuram


District/Season Variety

a) June-July
b) July-August

CO 3


Parentage Selection from Georgia variety
Duration (days) 120
Pigmentation Purple stem
Tillering ability High
Panicles Well exposed clusters and spikelets
Grain Character Brown & Bold with hard seed coat
Grain Yield (kg/ha)
Rainfed 1500 - 1800
Special features Tolerant to smut, short duration


Seeds and sowing


For line planting 10 kg/ha; For sowing 12.5 kg/ha Use of Gorru or seed drill is recommended.

Seed treatment


Treat 1 kg of seeds with 2 g Thiram or Carbendazim.

Field preparation


Plough the field thoroughly using a small iron plough or country plough to fine tilth.

Fertilizer application

Apply basally FYM/Compost 12.5 t/ha; Nitrogen 44 kg/ha Phosphorus 22 kg/ha



For line planting 45 x 10 cm for sowing 10 cm in between plants



First weeding is done on the 15th DAS and the second weeding on 40th DAS



Thinning is done soon after weeding or before 20 DAS

Plant protection


Generally no major problem of pests and diseases

Post Harvest Technology