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Crop protection :: IPM :: Chickpea

Monitoring for Pest and Disease

  • Undertake community level monitoring to know change in distribution and abundance of pest.
  • Organise regular pest monitoring and assess bio control potential at every 10 days interval.
  • Record pest incidence at every 5 to 10 km distance at 12 spots/ha and 5 plants/spot selected randomly.
  • Use pheromone traps for monitoring gram pod borer. Install pheromone traps  at a distance of 50 m @ 5 traps/ha for each insect pest.
  • Use specific lure for each pest species and change the lure after every 15-20 days. Trapped moths should be removed daily.

Pre-sowing stage 

  • Deep ploughing in summer.
  • Apply well decomposed FYM or neem cake
  • Synchronised sowing single recommended variety in village/area
  • Solar treatment to the soil using transparent polythene mulching for at least for 15 days.
  • Removal of crop stubbles
  • Inter cropping with coriander/mustard/wheat/sorghum (Rabi)
  • Early planting mid October to escape the peak activity of H. armigera
  • Marigold plantation should be adopted as trap crop/antagonistic crop for nematode.
  • Use tolerant/resistant varieties

Sowing date

  • Use Rhizobium culture @ 1 pkt +(200g), 190 kg seed for effective modulation
  • Thinning should be done in case of dense plant population
  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma @ 4 gm/kg of seed.
  • Seed treatment with Carbendazim 25% DS@ 0.75 gm.)/ kg. of seed.
  • Seed treatment with Carbosulfan 25 EC @ 3%.
  • Follow recommended agronomic practices for land preparation seed ratio proper and balanced fertilizer crop stand.

Vegetative stage 

  • Inter culture and band weeding for keeping the crop weed free for 6 to 8 weeks.
  • Detopping to reduce pest occurrence
  • Regular monitoring of gram pod borer in south zone during entire crop season.
  • Conservation of predatory wisp, spiders, insect parasitoids etc.

Flowering stage

  • NPV 250 LE or B.t. var Kurstaki 1 kg/ha NSKE 5% or neem pesticides.
  • Conservation of predators like spiders, chrysopa and other natural enemies by avoiding  indiscriminate use of pesticides.
  • Installing of bird perches for predatory birds.
  • Spray of Monocrotophos 36 SL @ 0.04% (1 mI per litre of water or Chloropyriphos 20 EC @ 0.05% (3.5 ml per litre of water) or Profenofos @ 4 ml/litre of water

Fruiting stage

  • NPV 250 LE or B.t. var Kurstaki 1 kg/ha NSKE 5% or neem pesticides.
  • Conservation of predators like spiders, chrysopa and other natural enemies by avoiding  indiscriminate use of pesticides.
  • Installing of bird perches for predatory birds.
  • Spray Monocrotophos 36 SL @ 0.04% (1 mI per litre of water or Chloropyriphos 20 EC @ 0.05% (3.5 ml per litre of water) or Profenofos @ 4 ml/litre of water.

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