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VII. Care during Pregnancy

Give special attention to pregnant cows two months before calving by providing adequate space, feed, water etc.

VIII. Marketing of Milk

1.Marketing milk immediately after it is drawn keeping the time between production and marketing of the milk to the minimum.
2.Use clean utensils and handle milk in hygienic way.
3. Wash milk pails/cans/utensils thoroughly with detergent and finally rinse with chloride solution.
4.Avoid too much agitation of milk during transit.
5.Transport the milk during cool hours of the day.

IX. Care of Calves

1.Take care of new born calf.
2.Treat/disinfect the navel cord with tincutre of iodine as soon as it is cut with a sharp knife.
3.Feed colostrum to calf.
4.Assist the calf to suckle if it is too weak to suckle on its own within 30 minutes of calving.
5.In case it is desired to wean the calf immediately after birth, then feed the colostrum in bucket.
6.Keep the calf separately from birth till two months of age in a dry clean and well ventilated place.
7.Protect the calves against extreme weather conditions, particularly during the first two months.
8.Group the calves according to their size.
9.Vaccinate calves.
10. Dehorn the calves around 4 to 5 days of age for easy management when they grow.
11.Dispose of extra calves not to be reared/maintained for any specific purpose as early as possible, particularly the male calves.
12. The female calves should be properly reared.
















Source: http://www.nabard.org/


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