Horticulture :: Spice Crops : : Ginger
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.)
   Varieties Manures and Manuring
   Season Plant protection
   Soil and Climate Harvest
   Seed rate Yield
   Seed treatment
Ginger Plant

Rio de Janeiro, Maran Nadan, Suruchi,
Suravi, Suprabha, Himagiri,IISR Varada,
IISR Mahima and IISR Rejatha Athira
and Karthika are the popular varieties.
Indigenous collections
S.No Cultivar Special features
1  Assam  Rhizome bold, highly flavoured, highly fibrous
2  Burdwan-1  Bold, pungent, flavoured
3  Ernad Chernad  Bold, highly pungent and fibrous
4  Gurubathani  Bold, highly pungent and fibrous
5  Himachal Pradesh  Bold, lemon flavoured, dry ginger production
6  Nadia  Slender rhizome, lemon flavoured  and less fibrous
7  Wyanad local  Bold, pungent and less fibrous
8  Tura  Rhizome slender, pungent, flavoured and fibrous

Varieties for Yield by Selection
S.No Character / trait Cultivar /accession
1  High Yield (Fresh and dry)  U.p, Rio-de-genero, Thingpuri, Karakkal/ Suprabha/ Anamika
 SG-646, (Kerala), SG-666 (Himachal Paradesh)
 Maran, Nadia, Narasapattinam,Subrabha, suruchi,
 Wyanad local, Ernad chernad, wyanad, china, SG-876, SG – 882, SG 705, SG – 700
 Himgiri, IISR Varadha, IISR Rejatha, IISR Mahima
2  Bold Rhizome  China , Taffingiva, Bhaise, China,Acc.Nos.117, 35, 15, 27
 Varadha, Gurubathan, SG-35
3  Slender rhizome  Suruchi, Kunduli Local
4  Short duration  Sierra - leone

Varieties for Quality by Selection
S.No Character / trait Variety / Cultivar Accession
1  High Dry recovery  Tura Local (29%), Tura –(28%), Thodupuzha (22%),Kurupppampadi (23),  Nadia (22%)
2  High Oleorsein  Assam (9.3%), RIO-de-Genero (10.5%), Maran, (10%)
3  High Essential oil  Mannanthody (2.2%), Karakkal(2.4%), Ellakallan (2.6%)
4  Low crude fibre  China(3.4%), UP(3.7%), Nadia (3.9%)
5  High dry ginger yield (t/ha)  Rio –de-genro, Maran (3.27), Thingpruri, (2.79), Maran(4.4), Nadia(3.8)
6  High Zingiberene and gingerol  Bahrica and Amaravathi
7  Salted Ginger  Acc.Nos. 35 & 37

May - June is highly suitable for cultivation.

Soil and climate:

A friable well drained loamy soil rich in humus with warm and humid conditions with 150 cm of annual rainfall are preferable. This crop is grown as an irrigated crop in humid zones from sea level to an altitude of 1500 metres.

Seed rate:

1500 - 1800 kg of rhizome/ha is required.

Seed treatment:

Treat the seed rhizomes with Mancozeb or Copper oxychloride 3 g/lit or 200 ppm Streptocycline for 30 minute

Irrigated crop – 40 x 20 cm in ridges and furrows.
Rainfed crop – Raised beds of 20 x 20 cm or 25x 25 cm

Manures and Manuring:

Basal: FYM 25-30 t + 30 tonnes green leaves as mulch in three splits : 15 tonnes-immediately after planting, 7.5 tonnes – 60 days and 120 days after planting, 50: 25 kg of P and K per ha.

Top dressing: 37.5: 12.5 kg of N and K per ha applied on 45th and 90th day after planting

Mulching is done at the time of planting with green leaves. After each top dressing, earth up the plants.

Plant protection:

Shoot borer
Shoot borer can be controlled by spraying Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit or Phosphamidon 86 WSC 1 ml/lit.

Leaf roller
Leaf roller can be controlled by spraying Carbaryl 50 WP 2 g/ha or Quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit.

Soft rot (Pythium sp.)          

  • Provide adequate drainage facilities

  • Select healthy and disease-free seed rhizomes

  • Treat the seed rhizomes with Mancozeb or Copper oxychloride 3 g/lit or 200 ppmStreptocycline for 30 minutes.

  • In the field, drench the beds with 2.5 g/lit of Copper oxychloride or 1% Bordeaux mixture or Metalaxyl - mancozeb 4 g/lit.

Rhizome rot
Rhizome treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 20g/kg rhizome + soil application, @ 10kg/ha immediately after planting and 45 days after planting followed by pre monsoon drenching with Metalaxyl 0.1%.

Leaf spot
Leaf spot can be controlled by spraying 1 % Bordeaux mixture or Copper oxychloride 0.25%.
The crop can be harvested after 8 - 9 months when leaves start yellowing and drying.

Rhizome Dried Ginger

About 12 - 15 t/ha can be obtained.
Updated on May 2014

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