Horticulture
Horticulture :: Vegetables:: Clusterbeans

Cluster beans (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L)
Fabaceae

Varieties
Pusa Mausmi, Pusa Sadabahar, Pusa Naubahar and MDU 1.

Soil
Well drained sandy loam with pH range of 7.5-8.0 is required. The crop tolerates salinity. It is highly adopted to regions with low precipitation and high temperature.

Season
June - July and Oct. - Nov. Dibble the seeds on the sides of the ridges 15 cm apart

Spacing
45 x15 cm.

Seed rate
10 kg per ha..

Seed treatment
Treat the seeds with Rhizobium @ 600 g/ha using rice gruel as binder. Dry the treated seeds in shade for 15 – 30 minutes before sowing.

Preparation of field
Plough the field to fine tilth and form ridges and furrows at 45 cm apart.

Sowing
Dibble the seeds on the sides of the ridges at 15 cm apart.

Irrigation
Irrigate the field immediately after sowing and then followed at weekly intervals.

Application of fertilizers
Apply FYM 25 t/ha, Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria each 2 kg/ha, N 25, P 50 and K 25 kg/ha as basal. 25 kg N/ha is applied as top dressing on 30 days after sowing.

Plant protection
Pests
Leaf hopper , aphids, and glasshouse whitefly
Spray methyl demeton 25 EC or dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit.

Ash weevils                               
Spray Azadirachtin 0.03% (300ppm) @ 2.5 ml/lit.

Diseases
Leaf spot

  • Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l.
  • Powdery mildew

  • Spray wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l or dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha and repeat it at15 days interval.
  • Harvest and yield
    Harvesting starts at 45 days in early varieties and at 100 days in late varieties. The early varieties is 80-60 days and late varieties is 135-145 days Yield- 5 7 t/ha in 90 days.

    Market Information


    Crop growing districts

    Dindigul,Coimbatore,Namakkal

    Major markets in Tamil Nadu

    Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai
    Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram
    Natchipalayam vegetable market, Coimbatore

     

    Updated on December 2022
     
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