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Nutrition :: Frequently Asked Questions

7. Every day how much food should take by humans?

 8. Can diabetics eat pulses?

Pulses are among the foods that have a low glycaemic index, and are recommended for diabetic patients to eat: This helps patients to regulate their glycaemia, avoiding glycaemia and insulin-secretion peaks. Foods with a low glycaemic index have a beneficial effect on patients’ fasting blood lipid levels.

(17.5 x kg) + 651
18-29 yr (15.3 x kg) + 679
30-59 yr (11.6 x kg) + 879
>60 yr (13.5 x kg) + 487


(12.2 x kg) + 746
18-29 yr (14.7 x kg) + 496
30-59 yr (8.7 x kg) + 829
>60 yr (10.5 x kg) + 596
sedentary (office worker, housework, etc) 1.5
add if moderately active at work +0.1
add if moderate leisure activity +0.1
add if very physically active at work +0.2
add if high leisure activity +0.2
Functional Benefit
Live fermented milks and yoghurts with probiotic cultures Improve digestive functioning.
Margarine, yoghurt, cheese spreads Plant stereols reduce cholesterol and lower the risk of heart disease.
Eggs rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids  
Breakfast cereals Added folic acid may help reduce the risk of babies being born with spina bifida.

75. Does excessive eating of salt increase blood pressure?

Yes in certain individuals who are salt sensitive, while this does not happen in those who are salt insensitive.

76. What are the foods to be avoided by BP patients

(a) Salted snacks e.g. Potato wafers
(b) Pickles and papads
(c) Ketchups
(d) Salted meat / salted sea food
(e) Excess of fat 

77. Will eating fruits cause cold?

Cold is caused by a virus. Most fruits rich in vitamin C (like oranges), in fact can protect against frequent attacks of cold. Some people may be allergic to certain foods which may include fruits. They should find out by trial and error and try and avoid only those fruits. 

78. Is it good to drink water while eating? Will it reduce digestion?

There is no evidence to suggest this. Some feel that it may dilute the digestive enzymes, but this does not occur, because the intestines produce several times more enzymes than what is actually required for digestion. Water intake may however fill the stomach and thereby give a feeling of fullness. This is common among children.

79. Are artificial sweeteners harmful?

Scientific data does not indicate that either saccharine or aspartame are harmful to humans.

80. Which is the best source of calcium? Will calcium tablets prevent fracture?

Best source of calcium is milk. To certain extent calcium tablets @ 500 mg/day would help. Women should take calcium well before onset of menopause, as more than 50% of the calcium in the bones is lost during the first 5 years of menopause itself. 

81. Which of the cooking oils are good for health?

All oils are good in one way or the other. Groundnut oil, mustard oil are very good. It is always suggested to use a combination of oils either blended or by rotation. e.g. Groundnut oil, soya bean oil, sunflower oil, rice bran oil so that you get the benefit of all. Sunflower / any single oil alone is not preferred.

82. Which is the best way to lose weight?

A combination of physical activity of at least a 30 minute walk per day with a moderation in calorie intake would do wonders. Drastic weight loss programs can be rarely sustained. Just avoiding refined sugars, disserts, deep fried foods, dairy and bakery products, aerated bottled drinks itself can cut down a large amount of calories. Consuming at least 400 g of fruits and vegetables can also avoid the hunger.

83. Will eating tomatoes and palak cause stones in the kidney?

No! These are unfounded fears. Eating tomatoes and palak may be little harmful to those who are prone to the problem of formation of stones in the kidneys. 


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