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Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Kudirai Masal
Lucerne Meal Preparation Video

Kudirai Masal

Season and Varieties

Zone District/Season Month Variety
Irrigated
Coimbatore, Thiruppur, Erode and Dharmapuri Throughout the year CO 1 & CO 2

Particulars of Lucerne Variety

PARTICULARS CO 1 CO 2
Parentage Mass selection from Coimbatore local Poly cross derivative involving CO 1
Duration (Days) Perennial Perennial
Green fodder yield (t/ha/year) 80-90 (11-12 harvests) 130 (14 harvests)
Seed yield (kg/ha) 200 - 230 245
Morphological characters
Plant height (cm) 60 - 70 70-80
No. of branches per plant 12 - 15 15-20
No. of pods per stems 10-15 18-20
No. of seeds per pod 3-5 4-6
Quality characters
Protein content (%) 20 - 22 23.5
Dry matter (%) 18 - 20 16.8
Dry matter yield (t/ha/year) 16.15 21.94

 

Season

:

Throughout the year under irrigated conditions in Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode and Krishnagiri districts of Tamil Nadu (Not suitable for hot and humid areas)

Soil

:

Well drained black cotton soil is good. Can be raised in alkaline soils also.

Preparatory cultivation

:

Plough 2 to 3 times to obtain a good tilth and form beds and channels of convenient size

Manures and fertilizers

:

Basal
FYM   -           25 tonnes/ha
NPK    -           25: 120: 40 kg/ha

Seed rate

:

15 kg/ha

Spacing

:

25 cm apart in lines

Weed management

:

Hand weeding whenever necessary

Plant protection

:

Generally not required for fodder production

Water management

:

Immediately after sowing and life irrigation on 3rd day.  Then once in 10 days depending on soil type and weather condition

Harvest

:

The first harvest 60-65 days after sowing.
Subsequent harvests are made at an interval of 20-25 days

Green fodder yield

:

90-130 t/ha/year (in 12-14 harvests)

Seed production Technologies

Season

:

Seed production once in a year during summer months.

The crop should be harvested during first week of March and allowed for seed production in such a way that the peak period of flowering should coincide with summer days.

Manures and fertilizers

:

Top dressing:
NPK - 15: 120 : 40 kg/ha. 

Plant protection

:

Spraying 0.05% Methyl Dematon or Dimethoate is suggested for the control of Aphids/Ear head bug.

Micronutrient application

:

Spraying of 3% Borax + ZnSO4 solution at flower initiation and 50 % flowering stage.  
 

Seed harvest

:

Hand picking of pods at physiological maturity stage

Seed yield

:

200-240 kg/ha

 

 

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